Gum Disease (Gingivitis and Periodontitis)
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums caused by an accumulation of plaque and tartar. Left untreated, it may progress to periodontitis with possible tooth loss due to destruction of the tissue that surrounds your teeth.
Symptoms of gingivitis
- Bad breath (halitosis);
- Bleeding gums after brushing teeth;
- Red, inflamed gums that are sensitive to the touch.
Causes of gingivitis
- Deficient immune system that can result from a malfunctioning thyroid gland, diabetes, pregnancy or leukemia.
- Hereditary factors.
- Bad habits, such as biting your nails, clenching or grinding your teeth, smoking, consuming too much sugar or eating poorly.
- Taking certain medications, including hormonal contraceptives and drugs.
It is important to treat gingivitis quickly before it turns into periodontitis because the bone that supports the teeth can deteriorate, putting them at risk.
Pregnancy gingivitis is usually only temporary, caused by hormonal changes. Everything will return to normal after you give birth.
Do you think you might have gingivitis? Consult us without delay. Our experienced team will make a diagnosis and give you the right advice that applies to your situation.
To learn more
For more information about gum diseases, talk to us or visit the following websites:
- Canadian Dental Association.
- Ordre des Dentistes du Quebec.
- National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research.